With the election of Republican Donald Trump as president of the United States, the state of relations between the United States and Cuba in January 2017 was unclear. During his presidential nominee, Mr. Trump criticized aspects of the Cuban thaw and hinted that he might suspend the normalization process if he could not negotiate “a good deal.” In 1977, Cuba and the United States signed a maritime border treaty agreeing on the location of their border in the Florida Straits. The treaty was never sent to the U.S. Senate for ratification, but the agreement was implemented by the U.S. State Department. In 1980, after 10,000 Cubans invaded the Peruvian embassy to seek political asylum, Castro said anyone who wanted to leave Cuba in what is known as the Mariel boat lift. About 125,000 people have left Cuba for the United States. Relations between the Spanish colony of Cuba and the North American mainland political authorities were first established in the early 18th century through illicit trade agreements between the European colonies of the New World, which escaped colonial taxes. As legal trade and illegal trade intensified, Cuba became a relatively prosperous trading partner in the region and a centre for tobacco and sugar production.
During this period, Cuban merchants increasingly traveled to North American ports and forged trade agreements that lasted for many years. Cuba is hosting for the first time the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) summit, where regional heads of state and government will discuss trade, peace and human rights. CELAC is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-dominated Organization of American States (OAS), from which Cuba was deposed in 1962. Cuba`s OAS rights were restored in June 2009, but the Cuban government said it would not return to the institution, calling it “an organization with a role and direction that Cuba rejects.” In November 1991, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, Cuban Ambassador Ricardo Alarcén cited 27 trade agreements recently interrupted under pressure from the United States. The British magazine Cuba Business claimed that British Petroleum appeared to have prevented the US authorities from investing in offshore oil explorations in Cuba, even though they were very interested in the start. In September 1992, the oil economist claimed that the U.S. State Department had discouraged companies such as Royal Dutch Shell and Clyde Petroleum from investing in Cuba. That pressure has not always worked. According to the Mexican newspaper El Financiero, the U.S.
Ambassador to Mexico, John Negroponte came to meet two Mexican businessmen who signed a textile agreement with Cuba on October 17, 1992. Despite the representation, the agreement continued and ended up worth $500 million in foreign capital. All this happened before the signing of the Cuban Democracy Act.  Radio Marti begins sending news and entertainment programs from studios to the United States to Cuba. The station, funded by the Confederacy, was proposed by Reagan in 1981 and founded two years later by Congress. The Cuban government condemns the service as American propaganda, focusing the new channel`s broadcasts and calling the use of the name of independence hero Jose Marti a “gross offense.” Castro suspended an immigration agreement that would have allowed 20,000 Cubans a year to immigrate to the United States and provided for the repatriation of about 3,000 Cubans with criminal records or mental illnesses. Cuba also stops visits by Cubans living in the United States.